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Hi there! We meet again today with another topic about tenses, Simple Present Continuous.  I will explain what it is in two parts, the introduction and the use, then the pattern.

As the name, continuous, we can use it to express something that happens in progress. It began in the recent past, is continuing at present, and will probably end at some point in the future, Betty Schrampfer Azar wrote it in her book Understanding and Using English Grammar. For example:

  1. David is listening to the music at the moment.
  2. I need an umbrella because it is raining.
  3. Martha and her friends are playing outside.

In progress here can mean something generally in progress this week, this month, this year.

  1. Tiara is studying overseas this year.
  2. This semester I am taking an English Course.
  3. She is writing another novel this month.

Look at example (f). The sentence means that writing a novel is a general activity that she is engaged in at present, but it doesn’t mean that at the moment of speaking she is sitting on her desk writing the novel.

The structure of the present continuous tense is:

subject + auxiliary verb + main verb


base + ing

Look at these examples:

subject auxiliary verb main verb


I am speaking to you.


You are reading this.

She is not staying in London.

We are not playing football.


Is he watching TV?


Are they waiting for John?


Azar, Betty Schrampfer. 1989. Understanding and Using English Grammar 2nd edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc. New Jersey.



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